The most recent legal age in the world is 15, with Mali and the Central African Republic currently allowing alcohol consumption. Seven countries do not have state-mandated drinking age, while 11 countries ban alcohol consumption altogether. * The legal drinking age is 18 in Alberta, Manitoba and Quebec. In all other provinces and territories, the legal drinking age is 19. For many, the ability to buy a legal drink is a sign of maturity and freedom — and perhaps a harbinger of questionable choices and good times. Most Russians believe that the minimum drinking age in the country is 18. However, there are no laws or regulations prohibiting minors from consuming alcoholic beverages. On the contrary, selling alcohol to people under the age of 18 is prohibited by federal and state laws and can result in fines and even jail time. In the late 20th century, much of North America changed its legal drinking age (MLDA) as follows: The most well-known reason for the law behind the legal drinking age is the effect on the brain in adolescents. As the brain is still maturing, alcohol can have a negative effect on memory and long-term thinking. In addition, it can cause liver failure and cause hormonal imbalance in adolescents due to the constant changes and maturation of hormones during puberty.  Youth are also particularly at risk of injury when drinking alcohol, as they may not have the necessary knowledge about low-risk drinking.
In fact, public health researchers found that people`s age to drink the first full serving of alcohol was significantly related to knowledge of low-risk alcohol consumption and beverage counting. Knowledge about low-risk alcohol consumption and frequency of beverage counting increased more sharply with age at first drinking in adolescence than at the end of the period.  In North America, the legal drinking age and the legal purchasing age range from 18 to 21: the legal drinking age (MLDA) is the minimum age at which a person can legally handle or consume alcoholic beverages. MLDA laws cover a wide range of topics, including when and where alcohol can be consumed and vary from country to country. The majority of countries have set the MLDA at 18 or 19 years. The United States (excluding Puerto Rico and the island of Virginia) and 19 other countries, particularly Asian countries, have the highest MLDA. However, some parts of India have an alcohol drinking age of 25 to 30 years. In some countries, especially Muslim countries, alcohol is completely banned, with one exception sometimes for non-Muslims. In chemical terms, alcohol is an organic compound formed during the fermentation of grains, vegetables or fruits. Medically, alcohol is classified as a sedative (as opposed to a stimulant like caffeine or a hallucinogen like psilocybin) with a variety of physiological effects. Most of these effects involve slowing down or obstructing bodily functions.
For example, alcohol inhibits bodily motor functions and slows reaction times. The more you drink, the slower and clumsier they become. Similarly, alcohol also hinders the brain`s communication pathways. While one or two drinks can make a person looser and more relaxed, continued consumption leads to symptoms such as slurred speech, cloudy thinking, and poor decision-making. Excessive alcohol consumption can also lead to additional complications such as vomiting, memory loss, drowsiness up to fainting, and in extreme cases, alcohol poisoning. Finally, long-term excessive alcohol consumption can contribute to serious physiological conditions, including (but not limited to) pancreatitis, cardiomyopathy, liver disease, hyperglycemia, cancer, and various neurological disorders. A 1997 report in the Journal of Family Violence found that among male perpetrators of spousal murder, 60 to 75 percent had consumed alcohol prior to the incident.  New laws have been introduced to crack down on excessive alcohol consumption. This includes prohibiting the consumption of alcohol in public places.
Bars and restaurants, although they are public places, are an exception. Alcohol can be sold and consumed as long as the establishment is open. What is not allowed is drinking in the streets, parks, etc. Open bottles of alcohol are not allowed and you may be fined. However, the public has found a way around this problem. Many hide alcohol in bottles of other beverages or hide bottles in paper bags. However, if you are not so desperate, it is better to continue consuming in homes or bars. In case of catching, the fine for public consumption ranges from 500 rubles to 1500 rubles ($8-25).
It`s no secret that Russia has a significant drinking culture. It`s never a bad time to have a drink, which certainly has its pros and cons. For one, alcohol was readily available a few years ago, and teenagers started drinking at a young age. Now, the government is cracking down on this trend, and some laws are in place to prevent unruly consumption. Here`s everything you need to know for a fun evening. The consumption of alcohol in public places, with the exception of designated drinking areas, is prohibited regardless of age. Want to know more about the legal drinking age around the world? Check out the map below to find out the legal drinking age in countries around the world! In Canada, India and the United Arab Emirates, different regions have different legal drinking ages. Of the 190 countries, 61% have an alcohol consumption age of 18 or 19. The United States and 11 other countries have an MLDA of 21, the highest MLDA of any country where it is legal to drink (although some parts of India have drinking ages of 25 and 30).
Alcohol is banned in 16 countries, all Muslim, although some have exceptions for non-Muslims. In the 1540s, Ivan the Terrible began to set up kabaks (кабак) or taverns in his major cities to fill his coffers;   One third of Russian men were indebted to the Kabaks in 1648.  In 1860, vodka, the national drink, was the source of 40% of state revenue.  The following charts include the Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) and related data for 190 independent states recognized by the U.S. Department of State on July 15, 2015.